Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity of Carbon Refractories

The heat flow through a refractory is determined with a water-cooled copper calorimeter. The temperature limit of refractory must be specified, as well as the hot face or mean test temperatures desired. The maximum hot face temperature for testing is 2700°F. The specimens required are six 9" bricks or an 18" x 13.5" x 2.5" slab.

First Hot Face Temperature Specified:  $1550
Each additional test temperature:  $380
First Mean Temperature Specified:  $1800
Each additional test temperature:  $380


Significance and Use

The thermal conductivity of carbon refractories is a property required for selecting their thermal transmission characteristics. Users select carbon refractories to provide specified conditions of heat loss and cold face temperature, without exceeding the temperature limitation of the carbon refractory. This test method establishes placement of thermocouples and positioning of test specimens in the calorimeter.

This procedure must be used with Test Method C 201 and requires a large thermal gradient and steady state conditions. The results are based upon a mean temperature.

The data from this test method is suitable for specification acceptance, estimating heat loss and surface temperature, and the design of multi-layer refractory construction.

The use of these data requires consideration of the actual application environment and conditions.


1. Scope

1.1 This test method supplements Test Method C 201, and shall be used in conjunction with that procedure to determine the thermal conductivity of carbon or carbon-bearing refractories. This test method is designed for refractories having a conductivity factor of not more than 200 Btu·in./h·ft2·°F (28.8 W/m·K).

1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


Copyright Notice

Extracted, with permission, from ASTM C767 Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity of Carbon Refractories, copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428. A copy of the standard may be purchased from ASTM International, phone 610-832-9555, e-mail:, website:


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