Standard Test Methods for Residual Carbon, Apparent Residual Carbon, and Apparent Carbon Yield in Coked Carbon-Containing Brick and Shapes

Used for characterization and comparison of carbon containing brick and shapes. A 1" x 3" x 6" specimen is suggested by ASTM.

1800°F Coking (up to 12 specimens): $445
2200°F Ignition Firing (12 hour hold): $520
Residual Carbon, Loss on Ignition, and Carbon Yield Determinations: $25 per specimen



These test methods are designed for use with carbon-containing products. The residual carbon content of a coked carbon containing brick or shape is an indication of how much carbon may be available, in service, to resist slag attack on, or oxidation loss of, that body. Apparent carbon yield gives an estimate of the relative efficiency of the total carbonaceous matter to be retained as residual carbon.

Residual carbon has a direct bearing on several properties of a pitch or resin containing refractory such as ignited porosity, density, strength, and thermal conductivity.

These test methods are suitable for product development, manufacturing control and specification acceptance.

These test methods are very sensitive to specimen size, coking rates, etc., therefore, strict compliance with these test methods is critical.

Appreciable amounts of reducible components, such as Fe2O3, will have a noticeable effect on the results. Thus, values obtained by these test methods will be different when brick removed from service is tested. This must be kept in mind when attempting to use these test methods in an absolute sense.

Oxidizable components such as metals and carbides can have a noticeable effect on the results. This must be kept in mind when using the second procedure, which is based on measuring weight loss after igniting the coked specimens.

Testing of brick or shapes that contain magnesium metal presents special problems since this metal is highly volatile and substantial amounts of the magnesium can be lost from the sample during the coking procedure. This must be kept in mind when interpreting the results of testing of brick that contain magnesium. In addition, magnesium can react readily with atmospheric humidity. This must be kept in mind when storing brick that contain magnesium.


1.1 These test methods cover the determination of residual carbon content in carbon-bearing brick and shapes after a prescribed coking treatment. They provide two procedures. The first procedure is based on the combustion of carbon and its measurement as carbon dioxide. However, when using the first procedure for articles that contain silicon carbide or other carbides, no distinction will be made between carbon present in the form of a carbide and carbon present as elemental carbon. The second procedure provides a method for calculating apparent residual carbon (on the basis of weight loss after igniting the coked specimens), apparent carbonaceous material content, and apparent carbon yield. If the second procedure is used for brick or shapes that contain metallic additives or carbides, it must be recognized that there will be a weight gain associated with the oxidation of the metals, or carbides, or both. Such a weight gain can change the results substantially and this must be kept in mind when interpreting the data.

1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


Extracted, with permission, from ASTM C831 Standard Test Methods for Residual Carbon, Apparent Residual Carbon, and Apparent Carbon Yield in Coked Carbon-Containing Brick and Shapes, copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428. A copy of the standard may be purchased from ASTM International, phone 610-832-9555, e-mail:,


View Products by Category:




Orton Welcomes New General Manager!

The Board of Trustees of the Edward Orton Jr. Ceramic Foundation announces the retirement of its General...

How Kiln Environment will affect a Pyrometric Cone

Those experienced in firing ceramics know that kiln atmosphere can have a major influence on the reaction...

TempTabs: What They Are & How They Work - Watch This Video!

TempTabs are used to measure temperature uniformity, consistency and repeatability in high temperature...